The Illness

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    Mikko
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    Registration date : 2008-09-28

    The Illness

    Post by Mikko on Fri Dec 12, 2008 4:19 pm

    ((I decided to post this, when I was asked what really was the illness Mikko has.Author did reserch! *was unlazy..for once* ))

    Schizophrenia

    The term "schizophrenia" refers to one of the most debilitating and baffling mental illnesses known. Though it has a specific set of symptoms, Schizophrenia varies in its severity from individual to individual, and even within any one afflicted individual from one time period to another.



    Symptoms

    Generally, schizophrenia begins during adolescence or young adulthood. The symptoms of schizophrenia appear gradually and family and friends may not notice them as the illness takes initial hold. Often, the young man or woman feels tense, can't concentrate or sleep, and withdraws socially. But at some point, loved ones realize the patient's personality has changed. Work performance, appearance and social relationships may begin to deteriorate.

    As the illness progresses, the symptoms often become more bizarre. The patient develops peculiar behavior, begins talking in nonsense, and has unusual perceptions. This is the beginning of psychosis. Psychiatrists diagnose schizophrenia when a patient has had active symptoms of the illness (such as a psychotic episode) for at least two weeks, with other symptoms lasting six months. In many cases, patients experience psychotic symptoms for many months before seeking help. Schizophrenia seems to worsen and become better in cycles known as relapse and remission, respectively. At times, people suffering from schizophrenia appear relatively normal. However, during the acute or psychotic phase, people with schizophrenia cannot think logically and may lose all sense of who they and others are. They suffer from delusions, hallucinations or disordered thinking and speech.

    Delusions are thoughts that are fragmented, bizarre and have no basis in reality. For example, people suffering from schizophrenia might believe that someone is spying on or planning to harm them or that someone can "hear" their thoughts, insert thoughts into their minds, or control their feelings, actions or impulses. Patients might believe they are Jesus, or that they have unusual powers and abilities.

    People suffering from schizophrenia also have hallucinations. The most common hallucination in schizophrenia is hearing voices that comment on the patient's behavior, insult the patient or give commands. Visual hallucinations,such as seeing nonexistent things and tactile hallucinations, such as a burning or itching sensation, also can occur.

    Patients also suffer disordered thinking in which the associations among their thoughts are very loose. They may shift from one topic to another completely unrelated topic without realizing they are making no logical sense. They may substitute sounds or rhymes for words or make up their own words, which have no meaning to others.

    These symptoms don't mean people with schizophrenia are completely out of touch with reality. They know, for example, that people eat three times a day, sleep at night and use the streets for driving vehicles. For that reason, their behavior may appear quite normal much of the time.

    However, their illness does severely distort their ability to know whether an event or situation they perceive is real. A person with schizophrenia waiting for a green light at a crosswalk doesn't know how to react when he hears a voice say, "You really smell bad." Is that a real voice, spoken by the jogger standing next to him, or is it only in his head? Is it real or a hallucination when he sees blood pouring from the side of the person next to him in a college classroom? This uncertainty adds to the terror already created by the distorted perceptions.


    This, coupled with Homicidal tendencys.

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